Vessel Response Protocols
OIL & GAS
Escort tugs critical to oil
By Isaac Stone Simonelli
Because of the state’s fierce weather and remote areas, multilayer systems are integrated into comprehensive vessel response protocols for tankers and non-tankers operating in Alaska’s waters, ensuring the health of both the environment and
the state’s economy.
“There are fifteen elements of a vessel response plan that the Coast Guard [USCG]
evaluates. One of those is salvaging... If they
ground or drift—drifting without power—
they activate this plan and all of these things
kind of fall in place,” explains Matt Melton,
the general manager of oil spill removal organization Alaska Chadux Corporation.
The response resource categories USCG
evaluates include qualified individuals
(shore-based representatives who can activate
or contract response resources among other
responsibilities), spill management team,
aerial tracking, logistical support, sustainment,
on-water recovery AMPD (average most prob-
able discharge), on-water recovery MMPD
(maximum most probable discharge), on-water
recovery WCD (worst case discharge), shore-
line protection, shoreline cleanup, dispersants,
salvage assess and survey, salvage stabilization,
salvage special ops, and marine firefighting.
Federal response planning standards for
oil spill response are designed around two
main factors: equipment and time.
However, when National Planning criteria
may be inappropriate for where a vessel intends